We’ve talked about allergies in dogs in a previous post, so now let’s look at how these various allergic disorders are diagnosed and treated.
Symptoms can include itching, constant licking, redness and inflammation of the skin, sneezing, itching ears, itchy runny eyes, hives and even diarrhea and vomiting.
Just like in humans, the diagnosing of allergies in dogs is complex as well. Allergy testing is a possibility but is not always conclusive. If your veterinarian thinks a food allergy is a problem, then she may suggest an elimination diet to try to pinpoint the source of the problem using a food trial. This consists of feeding your dog a diet that consists of just one source of both protein and carbohydrate for about twelve weeks.
An allergic reaction to fleas is usually very easy to diagnose, as either you or your vet identify fleas on your dog. You then apply a product or use an oral medication to kill the fleas to see if the allergic symptoms disappear. In spite of best efforts, the specific allergen may not be able to be identified.
If food allergies are identified as a problem, then a diet change will be in order. Your veterinarian may prescribe medication to help with symptoms such as itching. Sometimes, a secondary bacterial infection can develop in the skin if it has been broken by repeated scratching and may require topical or even oral antibiotics to control.